KONSERVASI KUPU-KUPU SEBAGAI SERANGGA PENYERBUK YANG PENTING DI TAMAN NASIONAL BANTIMURUNG-BULUSARAUNG

Sri Nur Aminah Ngatimin

Abstract


The purpose of study is to identify the species and frequency of butterfly visited on three types of flowers namely: Ixora paludosa, Hibiscus rosa-chinensis and Clerodendron japonicum. The information is very useful in the conservation effort of pollinator insects, especially butterflies that live around the Bantimurung-Bulusaraung National Park, Maros district, South Sulawesi, Indonesia.  Research activities in the field trials were located in Simbang village (5 ° 01'23.2 "S and 119 ° 40'33.6" E), Maros district, South Sulawesi. The research was conducted in August to September 2018. There were two families butterflies visited the flowers i.e : Pieridae and Papilionidae. Six species of butterflies visited I. paludosa flowers, four species visited H. rosa chinensis  and seven species visited C. japonicum. The dominant butterfly species visited I. paludosa : Graphium agamemnon and Catopsilia scylla. The species of butterflies in H. rosa-chinensis are Papilio demolion and Troides helena, while those who frequently visited C. japonicum flower: C. pomona and C. scylla

Key words : butterfly, nectar, insect pollinator, Bantimurung, Sulawesi


Full Text:

PDF

References


DAFTAR PUSTAKA

Barberi, P., Burgio, G., Dinelli, G., Moonen. A. C., Otto, S., Vazzana, C., and Zanin, G., 2010. Functional biodiversity in the agricultural landscape: relationships between weeds and arthropods fauna. Weed Research, 50: 388-401.

Kalshoven, L. G. E., 1981. The Pests of Crops in Indonesia. Translated and Revised by P.A. van der Laan. PT. Ichtian Baru-van Hoeve, Jakarta. 701 p.

Karise R, M. Mand, M. Ivask, E. Koskor and E. Bender, 2006. The effect of pollen amount on and its caloric value in hybrid Lucerne (Medicago x varia) on its attractiveness to bumble bees (Bombus terrestris). Agronomy Research, 4:211-216 (diakses tanggal 3 Oktober 2019).

Landis, D.A, Wratten, S. D., and Gurr, G. M., 2000. Habitat management to conserve natural enemies of arthropod pests in agriculture. Annual Review Entomology, 45:175-201.

Lee, J. C., and Heimpel, G. E., 2002. Nectar Availability and Parasitoid Sugar Feeding. The Proceeding The 1st International Symposium on Biological Control of Arthropods. 14-18 March, 2002, Honolulu Hawai USA. pp 220-225.

Lundgren, J. G., 2009. Relationship of Natural Enemies and Non-Prey Foods. Published by Springer Science USA. 434 p.

Peggie, D., and Amir, M., 2006. Practical Guide to The Butterflies of Bogor Botanical Garden. Puslit Biologi LIPI and Nagao Natural Environment Foundation.126p.

Peggie, D., 2011. Precious and Protected Indonesian Butterfly. Puslit Biologi LIPI and Nagao Natural Environment Foundation.72p.

Pohl, N. B., van Wyk, J., and Campbell, D. R., 2011. Butterflies show flower colour preferences but not constancy in foraging at four plant species. Ecological Entomology, 360: 290 – 300.

Schellhorn NA and L. Silberbauer, 2002. The Role of Surrounding Vegetation and Refuges : Increasing the Effectiveness of Predators and Parasitoids in Cotton and Broccoli Systems. Proceeding The 1st International Symposium on Biological Control of Arthropods. 14-18 March, 2002, Honolulu Hawai USA. pp 235-243.

Soejono, A. T., 2006. Gulma dalam Agroekosistem : Peranan, Masalah dan Pengelolaannya. Pidato Pengukuhan Jabatan Guru Besar pada Fakultas Pertanian UGM Yogyakarta, 5 Juni 2006. 21 hal.

Wackers, F. L., Romeis, J., and van Rijn, P., 2007. Nectar and pollen feeding by insect herbivores and implications for multitrophic interactions. Annu. Rev. Entomol., 52: 301-323 (diakses tanggal 3 Oktober 2019).

Vandekerkhove, B., and de Clerq, P., 2010. Pollen as an alternative or supplementary food for the Mirid Predator Macrolophus pygmaeus. Biological Control, 53(2): 238-242.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.